Every day, there are approximately 3,041 suicide attempts by young people in grades 9-12. Yet due to stigmas and taboos, this isn’t talked about nearly enough. There are too many people of all ages – children, teens, and adults – who face suicide and who could have received help.
To combat this “silent epidemic” of suicide, September has been designated as National Suicide Prevention Awareness Month. During this month, mental health advocates, suicide survivors, allies, and the community at large come together to spread awareness of the scope of this problem and encourage open dialogue about what each of us can do to lessen this problem. By working together, there’s hope we can be a lifeline for those struggling and help save lives.
Fighting This “Silent Epidemic”
Suicide has been called the “silent epidemic” because despite its wide scope and pervasiveness, it’s not talked about by our society at large. The World Health Organization estimates that over 700,000 people die by suicide every year, which is one person every 40 seconds. It’s an uncomfortable topic for many, yet so many people have been affected by suicide in some way or another.
Clark Flatt, of The Jason Foundation, is one of the leaders bringing awareness to this battle. Founded in honor of his son, who died by suicide at age16, The Jason Foundation provides suicide awareness training and resources for adults, teens, schools, and community members to become aware of the warning signs of suicide, and how we can help.
So many teens who look like they have ideal happy lives, may be secretly struggling with depression, anxiety, or suicidal thoughts. Despite the difficulty in spotting the warning signs of suicide, The Jason Foundation believes that suicide is preventable and large-scale education is essential.
How to Support Those Struggling with Thoughts of Suicide
In order to prevent suicide, it’s critical to know and spot the warning signs early. These differ for children, teens, and adults.
Many parents and adults are hesitant to speak with children about suicide because they’re afraid that talking about it causes it. This is a misconception. The truth is, it’s never too early to look for and discuss the warning signs in children.
Warning signs for children ages 5-11 include:
- Relationship issues with family and friends
- Changes in behavior, such as sleeping habits, eating habits, or withdrawing from relationships
- Chronic bullying, experiencing loss, and a previous history of suicide attempts
- Sudden decreasing interest or performance in school
- A preoccupation with death, or saying things like “No one will miss me when I’m gone”
Parents who are concerned about a child should ask specific questions like, “Are you thinking about hurting or killing yourself?” It’s important that children see that adults care, understand, and love them.
According to the Jason Foundation, four out of five individuals considering suicide give some sign of their intentions. Some verbal or behavioral warning signs of teen suicide include:
- Threats of suicide (saying things like, “I’d be better off dead” or, “I won’t be bothering you much longer”)
- Depression, which is present in 90% of suicide.
- Increased irritability and anger (such as fighting)
- Decreased interest in sports, hobbies, or school
- A sudden change in appetite and appearance
- Making final arrangements such as giving away prized possessions, saying good-bye to loved ones, or planning their funeral
The warning signs of suicide in adults may include:
- Talking about wanting to die, being a burden to others, or experiencing great shame or guilt
- Feeling extremely sad, angry, or anxious
- Having the sense of hopelessness, being trapped, or having no reason to live
Experiencing unbearable emotional or physical pain
- Behavioral changes such as researching ways to die, dramatic changes in sleep patterns, or withdrawing from friends
- Taking dangerous risks such as reckless driving or using drugs and alcohol more often
- Saying goodbye, giving away items, and making a will
We Can All Make A Difference
Everyone can make a positive difference in reducing suicide. Here are some of the things anyone can do:
Learn about the problem of teen suicide, including the signs of concern and steps you can take to prevent it
Encourage local organizations – like sports teams, churches, youth groups, and others – to learn about youth suicide and how it can be prevented
Be open to seeking professional support if you sense your child is struggling with depression or thoughts of self-harm
Have honest, open discussions with those experiencing suicidal thoughts where they are able to share their feelings in a supportive way, without judgment
By working together, we can spread awareness of the signs of suicide and help end this silent epidemic. If you know a youth who is showing any of the warning signs above, don’t hesitate to reach out for help. The team at Santa Rosa Behavioral Healthcare Hospital is here to help support you and your loved one. Call 877-717-0085 or contact us online today to get help